PROJECT C2.1_38 Calculation of labour cost index

Activity type
Online training course
Virtual training course on the calculation of labour cost index
There were 27 registered participants from Armenia (5), Azerbaijan (5) Belarus (2), Georgia (5), Moldova (5), and Ukraine (5). All participants came from the NSIs; they were mainly managers and senior specialists working under Social Statistics Divisions, especially in the field of Labour Statistics.
20-23 April 2021
Activity codeC2.1_38
LCI is one of the Principal European Economic Indicators (PEEI), a set of short-term statistics produced by Eurostat aggregating national data, and providing general economic information on European countries. Although there are heterogeneous data among partner countries (regarding for example the kind of data source, the frequency of data collection etc.) and different practices in compiling labour cost statistics, it has been considered necessary to train the NSIs’ staff in the calculation of the LCI, including seasonal and working-day adjustment. Moreover, best practices in Europe on the use and management of administrative data for the compilation of labour cost statistics were presented by the STEs.

PROJECT C2.1_12 Training to apply sampling methodologies in household sample surveys

Activity type
Online training course
Training to apply sampling methodologies in household sample surveys
There were 28 registered participants from Armenia (5), Azerbaijan (6), Belarus (4), Georgia (3), Moldova (5), Ukraine (5). Participants were heads or senior statistician of sample survey methodological units and/or labour statistics unit.
29-31 March and 7-8 April 2021
Activity codeC2.1_12

The training course was structured in five half-days led by the three STEs. At the beginning of the training course, theoretical backgrounds were taught as a foundation for the remaining teaching sessions. In particular, the integration of the R software and its use for sampling operations into the training course was interesting for the participants as it is not used for sampling in some partner countries.

The practical exercise sessions which followed each teaching session were efficient as they required the use of the R software, and participants were very active in learning how to use it in survey sampling techniques. At the end, all the participants were able to accomplish the exercise tasks and some uncertain or unclear issues were clarified during the presentation and discussion on the results of exercise tasks.


Activity type Study Visit
Title The use of modern ICT tools for data collection in household surveys
Participants One participant from each of the partner countries (either from labour market statistics or the data collection unit or IT department)
Location INSEE in Paris, France
Timing 10-11 December 2019
Activity code C2.1_07

The majority of partner countries use the traditional methods of data collection, even if several countries partially use CAPI in some surveys (such as the household budget survey). The STEP partner countries expressed their interest in strengthening their capacity and infrastructure in using new methods of data collection, as well as raising awareness among partner countries of the importance of building capacity and developing infrastructure to shift from traditional to modern methods of data collection.

The main objective of this study visit was to identify innovative ways, share best practices, but also identify pitfalls in household sample survey data collection and to provide an informal platform for participants to exchange experiences and possibly to foster collaboration in this area among partner countries and with the host country. 

The programme included 13 sessions involving 17 different experts coming both from INSEE and other representatives of the French national statistical system. A total of 18 presentations were made during the study visit. The participants contributed very actively and asked many questions including on the use of administrative data. In the evaluation of the study visit, the participants said that it would have been beneficial if there had been a participant from both labour market statistics and the data collection unit or IT department.


Activity typeOnline presentation and Q&A (2 hours)
TitleWebinar on COVID19 and LFS
ParticipantsSenior officials from the NSIs and other producers of official statistics (in principle, all interested could attend as this is a webinar)
Timing28 May 2020
Activity codeC2.1_25

This activity was the first online regional event in STEP and comprised of a two-hour webinar to inform the participants on guidelines and recommendations from Eurostat and International Labour Organisation (ILO) on how to deal with the consequences of COVID-19 in labour market statistics.

The short-term expert went through the main definitions of labour market status in the labour market statistics and how to treat, for example, temporary absence from the labour market due to furloughs. The short-term expert answered questions from the participants.

This webinar was the first larger online activity in STEP. The webinar was conducted over Zoom. The participants could sign up online. Simultaneous interpretation was provided. There were small problems connected to people getting the right link to sign into the meeting. This was caused by the online registration procedure in Zoom. The online registration has therefore been abolished for future activities as it is actually easier for everyone if the NC sends an Excel file with the registered participants. Some of the countries (Azerbaijan and Armenia) had several people gathered together in one room as opposed to individual connections. This works well as the participants can discuss the content among each other (however, the participants need to agree on the language). Altogether, there were actually around 30 participants from the partner countries.

The six partner countries are now informed about how to treat the consequences of COVID-19 in the labour market statistics according to the recommendations laid out by Eurostat and the ILO. The participants welcomed this initiative and expressed gratitude for the opportunity to go through the recommendations from Eurostat and ILO. Furthermore, according to the participants, most of the logistics (sound, picture, presentation, interpretation) worked well once the meeting had started.


Activity typeOne-day online training course
TitleTraining course on the use of STATA software
ParticipantsStaff from the National Statistical Institutes of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine
Timing11 June 2020: Moldova
23 June 2020: Armenia
13 October 2020: Belarus
24-25 November 2020: Ukraine
2-3 March 2021: Azerbaijan
Activity codeC2.1_23

The inception missions to partner countries found that there is a substantial need to improve staffs’ skills in using statistical software such as STATA in order to use it effectively in household survey micro-level data management and analysis, and in general to produce high quality statistics. In addition, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine expressed their need to learn how to use the STATA software to produce social statistics and analyse household survey data. To fulfil these existing needs, STEP organised an introductory virtual training course on the STATA software.

The main objective of the virtual training course on the use of the STATA software was to enhance NSI staffs’ ability to manipulate and analyse household survey micro-level data using the STATA software. The training course was conducted by one of STEP’s key experts.

STEP provided the participating countries with a temporary workshop multi-user license of STATAMP2 version 16, and relevant documents provided by the STATA corporation. In addition, all lecture materials, dataset, dataset instructions and exercise tasks were provided in advance to all participants. The training course was carried out successfully in accordance with the agenda and the participants were very active during the training course.


Activity typeOnline workshop (4 full days)
TitleWorkshop on conducting household sample surveys in labour statistics
ParticipantsAll interested staff members from the labour market statistics unit
Timing16-19 June 2020
Activity codeC2.1_11

This workshop on experiences in conducting household sample surveys in labour statistics was the first STEP workshop to improve the labour market statistics in partner countries’ NSI. It was very important for other planned activities of the C2.1 project.

This workshop was planned to take place in March 2020 in Chisinau, Moldova. However due to COVID-19, STEP organised it as online workshop. This workshop was STEP’s first workshop to be organised using Zoom software for four days during 16-19 June 2020 and its sessions undertaken in accordance with the agenda. In total 35 participants from NSIs of partner countries were involved and members of the labour statistics unit of the NSI’s of partner countries made up the majority of the participants. It is worth mentioning that the online format allowed junior staff to participate and communicate directly with the experts to clarify issues they encounter in dealing with labour market statistics.

The workshop aimed to strengthen or deepen partner countries’ NSI capacity in the new standards concerning statistics of work, employment and labour underutilisation adopted by the 19th International Conference of Labour Statistics. The main focus was given to topics such as identification of persons in employment, time-related underemployment, unemployment and potential labour force, own-use production of goods, own-use provision of services including unpaid domestic and care work; voluntary work and other forms of work. The workshop also discussed about how the EU LFS will converge to the ILO’s new standards. Countries made presentations concentrating mainly on changes made in LFS and challenges faced by countries in implementing the ILO’s new recommendations. One whole day was devoted to the development of a roadmap to implement new standards for work statistics. Countries presented a draft roadmap and final version of the roadmap was provided to experts. This roadmap contains future plans of countries to implement new standards for work statistics and it would help STEP to identify issues to be addressed in TA missions to countries.

The participants were very active during workshop sessions and exchanged views and experiences in the implementation of new standards for work statistics.


Activity type Workshop
Title Workshop on completion of changeover from SNA 1993 to SNA 2008/ESA 2010
Participants 2 participants from each partner country (head of NA and a senior staff member from NA)
Location Kiev, Ukraine
Timing 17-20 December 2019
Activity code C2.2_06

This workshop was the first event organised in the frame of the C2.2 project on “Macro-economic statistics: National Accounts and Government Finance Statistics” and aimed more specifically at discussing the main challenges of the completion of changeover from SNA-1993 to SNA-2008/ESA-2010 and at developing national roadmaps for achieving the alignment of national accounts with SNA 2008 / ESA 2010.

Nevertheless, the countries are still coping with problems accruing from the changeover. The partner countries are also asking for support in solving problems which are not related to the changeover, e.g. the estimates of consumption of fixed capital or of non-produced, non-financial assets or the recording of the non-observed economy.

The development of roadmaps for the transition from the old to the new system was the prime objective of the workshop. Given the fact that all countries are already quite advanced in their migration to the new SNA, the roadmap discussions could be extended towards a broader need assessment of support for the improvement of the National Accounts at large, with priority being given to the production accounts in general and, if possible, to improvements in the institutional sector accounts.

The participants were highly experienced and fully motivated to share their experiences and to strive for further improvements. Every participant was present at all times for the sessions, the discipline of attendance showed eagerness and professional commitment. The impression is that support from STEP is highly appreciated but it should go beyond the basics and should address the individual problems of the countries, which they had outlined partly, even meticulously.

PROJECT C2.2_49 Training on the development of the production account in accordance with ESA 2010

Activity type
Online training course
Online training course on the development of the production account in accordance with ESA 2010
There were 43 registered participants from Armenia (13), Azerbaijan (3), Belarus (4), Georgia (11), Moldova (6), Ukraine (6). Participants were staff from the National Accounts units of partner NSIs.
Timing16-19 February 2021
Activity codeC2.2_49
During the training course, methodologies, systems, tools and processes that can be implemented in order to elaborate a production account that is fully consistent with SNA 2008/ESA 2010 were presented and discussed. There was a particular focus on Research and Development activities and output, treatment of owner-occupied dwelling services and calculation of GDP at constant prices. The pertaining presentations aimed to refer to international recommendations included in SNA 2008 and other reference documents while underlining the specificities attached to ESA 2010.


Activity typeOnline-training
TitleTraining course on the EU survey on ICT use in enterprises
Staff from the ICT statistics unit of the partner National Statistics Institutes and directly involved in the production of statistics on ICT use in enterprises.
Timing8-10 and 15 September 2020
Activity codeC2.6

Project on “Statistics on ICT use in enterprises”

Supporting partner countries in developing and implementing methodologies for the production of statistics on ICT-use in enterprises aligned with EU standards

Statistics on ICT use in enterprises are key to understanding production and innovation dynamics at play within the economy. Here again, comparability across countries is essential to draw lessons from various experiences and this comparability can only be achieved through the implementation of international standards.

The production of ICT statistics is subject to international methodological guidelines set up in the OECD manual on “Measuring the digital economy” (2014) and in the Eurostat Methodological Manual for the surveys on ICT usage in enterprises and households. This manual, developed by Eurostat and the EU Member States, aims to provide guidelines for developing national surveys on a harmonised basis.

Partner countries are very interested in the implementation of this international methodology but face difficulties in adapting and applying the international questionnaires on the use of ICT by enterprises. ICT statistics are still under development in most of partner countries and conformity of existing ICT statistics with international and EU standards is often questionable. In many cases, partner countries aim to adapt the international model questionnaires on the use of ICT by households and enterprises in order to customize them to national specificities. They also strive to develop the use of administrative data sources.

With this in mind, it was agreed to implement specific STEP activities on statistics on ICT use in enterprises. The objective of developing and implementing methodologies for the production of statistics on ICT-use in enterprises is to introduce EU standards across all partner countries.

This online training course aimed at ensuring knowledge and adoption of the major features of the Eurostat Methodological Manual for statistics on the Information Society within the partner countries’ national statistical institutes. It partly relied on presentations by participants of the situation in their countries regarding the availability of statistics on ICT use in enterprises. The presentations included descriptions of the current methodologies; major data gaps and deviations with regard to international standards. The training also offered the chance to discuss the support that the STEP C2.6 project on “Statistics on ICT use in enterprises” could bring to partner countries in this respect, including the possible content of the technical assistance missions planned in the context of this project. It relied on the transfer of specific knowledge and know-how by a highly specialised expert, Mr. Andrea de Panizza from ISTAT, and on presentations by representatives of the partner countries about their current situation regarding the production of statistics on ICT use in enterprises, the challenges they face and their objectives in this area.

The lively discussions proved that the training was appreciated and useful to all participants. Most importantly, it enabled elaboration on roadmaps towards the production of statistics on ICT use in enterprises aligned with EU standards across all partner countries, including the possible content of the technical assistance missions planned in the frame of this STEP project. These achievements will constitute essential elements in the development of the cooperation on Statistics on ICT use in enterprises over the lifetime of the STEP Programme and for the achievement of the expected results within the framework of this specific project.


Activity typeOnsite training
TitleTraining course on the EU business registers Regulation and Recommendations Manual
ParticipantsHead of the statistical business register accompanied by a senior staff member of the statistical business unit
LocationVilnius, Lithuania
Timing28-31 January 2020
Activity codeC2.4_8

This training course was the first activity implemented in the context of the STEP C2.4 project on “Business Statistics: Statistical Business Register and Business Demography Statistics” and was crucial as it laid the ground for the implementation of the activities that will follow within this project. In this context, the general objective of this training was to ensure knowledge and appropriation of the major features of the EU Regulation and Recommendations manual on statistical business registers within the partner countries’ national statistical institutes; to take stock of the situation and difficulties faced in the partner countries with regard to the development, management and updating of the statistical business registers; and to define national roadmaps for the development of SBRs aligned with the EU framework.

The training course was implemented by Statistics Lithuania and proved to be very successful, sparking extensive and intense discussions not only between participants and speakers but also among participants themselves about their experience in the area of statistical business registers, the difficulties they are facing and possible solutions, and their projects to improve the Statistical Business Register in their country.