PROJECT C2.1_23 TRAINING COURSE ON THE USE OF STATA SOFTWARE FOR BASIC ANALYSIS OF HOUSEHOLD SURVEY DATA

Activity typeOne-day online training course
TitleTraining course on the use of STATA software
ParticipantsStaff from the National Statistical Institutes of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine
LocationOnline
Timing11 June 2020: Moldova
23 June 2020: Armenia
13 October 2020: Belarus
24-25 November 2020: Ukraine
2-3 March 2021: Azerbaijan
Activity codeC2.1_23

The inception missions to partner countries found that there is a substantial need to improve staffs’ skills in using statistical software such as STATA in order to use it effectively in household survey micro-level data management and analysis, and in general to produce high quality statistics. In addition, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine expressed their need to learn how to use the STATA software to produce social statistics and analyse household survey data. To fulfil these existing needs, STEP organised an introductory virtual training course on the STATA software.

The main objective of the virtual training course on the use of the STATA software was to enhance NSI staffs’ ability to manipulate and analyse household survey micro-level data using the STATA software. The training course was conducted by one of STEP’s key experts.

STEP provided the participating countries with a temporary workshop multi-user license of STATAMP2 version 16, and relevant documents provided by the STATA corporation. In addition, all lecture materials, dataset, dataset instructions and exercise tasks were provided in advance to all participants. The training course was carried out successfully in accordance with the agenda and the participants were very active during the training course.

PROJECT C2.1_11 WORKSHOP ON CONDUCTING HOUSEHOLD SAMPLE SURVEYS IN LABOUR STATISTICS

Activity typeOnline workshop (4 full days)
TitleWorkshop on conducting household sample surveys in labour statistics
ParticipantsAll interested staff members from the labour market statistics unit
LocationOnline
Timing16-19 June 2020
Activity codeC2.1_11

This workshop on experiences in conducting household sample surveys in labour statistics was the first STEP workshop to improve the labour market statistics in partner countries’ NSI. It was very important for other planned activities of the C2.1 project.

This workshop was planned to take place in March 2020 in Chisinau, Moldova. However due to COVID-19, STEP organised it as online workshop. This workshop was STEP’s first workshop to be organised using Zoom software for four days during 16-19 June 2020 and its sessions undertaken in accordance with the agenda. In total 35 participants from NSIs of partner countries were involved and members of the labour statistics unit of the NSI’s of partner countries made up the majority of the participants. It is worth mentioning that the online format allowed junior staff to participate and communicate directly with the experts to clarify issues they encounter in dealing with labour market statistics.

The workshop aimed to strengthen or deepen partner countries’ NSI capacity in the new standards concerning statistics of work, employment and labour underutilisation adopted by the 19th International Conference of Labour Statistics. The main focus was given to topics such as identification of persons in employment, time-related underemployment, unemployment and potential labour force, own-use production of goods, own-use provision of services including unpaid domestic and care work; voluntary work and other forms of work. The workshop also discussed about how the EU LFS will converge to the ILO’s new standards. Countries made presentations concentrating mainly on changes made in LFS and challenges faced by countries in implementing the ILO’s new recommendations. One whole day was devoted to the development of a roadmap to implement new standards for work statistics. Countries presented a draft roadmap and final version of the roadmap was provided to experts. This roadmap contains future plans of countries to implement new standards for work statistics and it would help STEP to identify issues to be addressed in TA missions to countries.

The participants were very active during workshop sessions and exchanged views and experiences in the implementation of new standards for work statistics.

PROJECT C2.2_06 WORKSHOP: COMPLETION OF CHANGEOVER FROM SNA 1993 TO SNA 2008/ESA 2010

Activity type Workshop
Title Workshop on completion of changeover from SNA 1993 to SNA 2008/ESA 2010
Participants 2 participants from each partner country (head of NA and a senior staff member from NA)
Location Kiev, Ukraine
Timing 17-20 December 2019
Activity code C2.2_06

This workshop was the first event organised in the frame of the C2.2 project on “Macro-economic statistics: National Accounts and Government Finance Statistics” and aimed more specifically at discussing the main challenges of the completion of changeover from SNA-1993 to SNA-2008/ESA-2010 and at developing national roadmaps for achieving the alignment of national accounts with SNA 2008 / ESA 2010.

Nevertheless, the countries are still coping with problems accruing from the changeover. The partner countries are also asking for support in solving problems which are not related to the changeover, e.g. the estimates of consumption of fixed capital or of non-produced, non-financial assets or the recording of the non-observed economy.

The development of roadmaps for the transition from the old to the new system was the prime objective of the workshop. Given the fact that all countries are already quite advanced in their migration to the new SNA, the roadmap discussions could be extended towards a broader need assessment of support for the improvement of the National Accounts at large, with priority being given to the production accounts in general and, if possible, to improvements in the institutional sector accounts.

The participants were highly experienced and fully motivated to share their experiences and to strive for further improvements. Every participant was present at all times for the sessions, the discipline of attendance showed eagerness and professional commitment. The impression is that support from STEP is highly appreciated but it should go beyond the basics and should address the individual problems of the countries, which they had outlined partly, even meticulously.

PROJECT C2.2_49 Training on the development of the production account in accordance with ESA 2010

Activity type
Online training course
Title
Online training course on the development of the production account in accordance with ESA 2010
Participants
There were 43 registered participants from Armenia (13), Azerbaijan (3), Belarus (4), Georgia (11), Moldova (6), Ukraine (6). Participants were staff from the National Accounts units of partner NSIs.
LocationOnline
Timing16-19 February 2021
Activity codeC2.2_49
During the training course, methodologies, systems, tools and processes that can be implemented in order to elaborate a production account that is fully consistent with SNA 2008/ESA 2010 were presented and discussed. There was a particular focus on Research and Development activities and output, treatment of owner-occupied dwelling services and calculation of GDP at constant prices. The pertaining presentations aimed to refer to international recommendations included in SNA 2008 and other reference documents while underlining the specificities attached to ESA 2010.

PROJECT C2.2_30 Training course on the development of the production account in accordance with 2008 SNA and ESA 2010

Activity type
Three-day online training course
Title
Online Training course on the development of the production account in accordance with 2008 SNA and ESA 2010
Participants
Staff from the National Accounts units of partner NSIs
Location
Online
Timing
7-9 October 2020
Activity code
C2.2_30
This online training course was the third regional activity organised in the project on Macroeconomic Statistics: NA and GFS. The three STEs from Statistics Hungary presented the methodologies, systems, tools and processes that can be implemented in order to elaborate on a production account that is fully consistent with 2008 SNA and ESA 2010. The STEs focused on some specific issues that had been identified as of major interest to partner countries. These included the assessment of the non-observed economy and of the consumption of fixed capital as well as the treatment of specific financial activities, namely the output of central banks, Financial Services Indirectly Measured (FISIM) and insurance services. The participants presented and discussed steps to be taken within each partner country in order to develop a production account that is fully consistent with 2008 SNA and ESA 2010 with a view to producing annual and quarterly gross domestic product (GDP) data and possibly sector accounts aligned with ESA 2010.

PROJECT C2.2_40 Training course on input/output and supply and use tables

Activity type
Eight-day online training course
Title
Training course on input/output and supply and use tables
Participants
Staff from the National Accounts units of partner NSIs
Location
Online
Timing
16-19 and 24-27 November 2020
Activity code
C2.2_40

This online training course was the fourth regional activity organised in the context of the project on Macroeconomic Statistics: NA and GFS. This training is one of the most technical activities that will be implemented in STEP. The trainer used a mixture of theoretical presentations, practical examples and practical exercises where the participants have the opportunity to calculate the input and outputs of each sector in the economy. In addition, the participants were presented with how the activities and sectors interact and should be consolidated. The training was spread out over eight mornings. Each session started by going through the practical exercises that were given to the participants the day before. Then there was a theoretical presentation with practical examples of how the products flow from sector to sector combined with practical exercises. Considering the technicalities of the issues tackled, this combination of theory, practical exercises and examples proved appropriate and was highly appreciated by participants.

During the last day, participants presented the statistical sources used and the methodologies implemented for compiling supply and use tables, and sometimes symmetric input-output tables, in their country. The presentations proved to be very interesting and raised many questions and discussions with the expert and among participants.

PROJECT C2.6 TRAINING COURSE ON THE EU SURVEY ON ICT USE IN ENTERPRISES

Activity typeOnline-training
TitleTraining course on the EU survey on ICT use in enterprises
Participants
Staff from the ICT statistics unit of the partner National Statistics Institutes and directly involved in the production of statistics on ICT use in enterprises.
LocationOnline
Timing8-10 and 15 September 2020
Activity codeC2.6

Project on “Statistics on ICT use in enterprises”

Supporting partner countries in developing and implementing methodologies for the production of statistics on ICT-use in enterprises aligned with EU standards

Statistics on ICT use in enterprises are key to understanding production and innovation dynamics at play within the economy. Here again, comparability across countries is essential to draw lessons from various experiences and this comparability can only be achieved through the implementation of international standards.

The production of ICT statistics is subject to international methodological guidelines set up in the OECD manual on “Measuring the digital economy” (2014) and in the Eurostat Methodological Manual for the surveys on ICT usage in enterprises and households. This manual, developed by Eurostat and the EU Member States, aims to provide guidelines for developing national surveys on a harmonised basis.

Partner countries are very interested in the implementation of this international methodology but face difficulties in adapting and applying the international questionnaires on the use of ICT by enterprises. ICT statistics are still under development in most of partner countries and conformity of existing ICT statistics with international and EU standards is often questionable. In many cases, partner countries aim to adapt the international model questionnaires on the use of ICT by households and enterprises in order to customize them to national specificities. They also strive to develop the use of administrative data sources.

With this in mind, it was agreed to implement specific STEP activities on statistics on ICT use in enterprises. The objective of developing and implementing methodologies for the production of statistics on ICT-use in enterprises is to introduce EU standards across all partner countries.

This online training course aimed at ensuring knowledge and adoption of the major features of the Eurostat Methodological Manual for statistics on the Information Society within the partner countries’ national statistical institutes. It partly relied on presentations by participants of the situation in their countries regarding the availability of statistics on ICT use in enterprises. The presentations included descriptions of the current methodologies; major data gaps and deviations with regard to international standards. The training also offered the chance to discuss the support that the STEP C2.6 project on “Statistics on ICT use in enterprises” could bring to partner countries in this respect, including the possible content of the technical assistance missions planned in the context of this project. It relied on the transfer of specific knowledge and know-how by a highly specialised expert, Mr. Andrea de Panizza from ISTAT, and on presentations by representatives of the partner countries about their current situation regarding the production of statistics on ICT use in enterprises, the challenges they face and their objectives in this area.

The lively discussions proved that the training was appreciated and useful to all participants. Most importantly, it enabled elaboration on roadmaps towards the production of statistics on ICT use in enterprises aligned with EU standards across all partner countries, including the possible content of the technical assistance missions planned in the frame of this STEP project. These achievements will constitute essential elements in the development of the cooperation on Statistics on ICT use in enterprises over the lifetime of the STEP Programme and for the achievement of the expected results within the framework of this specific project.

PROJECT C2.4_8 TRAINING COURSE ON THE EU BUSINESS REGISTERS REGULATION AND RECOMMENDATIONS MANUAL

Activity typeOnsite training
TitleTraining course on the EU business registers Regulation and Recommendations Manual
ParticipantsHead of the statistical business register accompanied by a senior staff member of the statistical business unit
LocationVilnius, Lithuania
Timing28-31 January 2020
Activity codeC2.4_8

This training course was the first activity implemented in the context of the STEP C2.4 project on “Business Statistics: Statistical Business Register and Business Demography Statistics” and was crucial as it laid the ground for the implementation of the activities that will follow within this project. In this context, the general objective of this training was to ensure knowledge and appropriation of the major features of the EU Regulation and Recommendations manual on statistical business registers within the partner countries’ national statistical institutes; to take stock of the situation and difficulties faced in the partner countries with regard to the development, management and updating of the statistical business registers; and to define national roadmaps for the development of SBRs aligned with the EU framework.

The training course was implemented by Statistics Lithuania and proved to be very successful, sparking extensive and intense discussions not only between participants and speakers but also among participants themselves about their experience in the area of statistical business registers, the difficulties they are facing and possible solutions, and their projects to improve the Statistical Business Register in their country.

PROJECT C2.8 TRAINING COURSE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ROAD FREIGHT TRANSPORT STATISTICS

Activity typeOnline-training
TitleTraining course on the development of Road freight transport statistics
Participants
Staff from Transport statistics units of partner NSIs.
LocationOnline
Timing16-17 and 30 September 2020
Activity codeC2.8

Project on “Transport statistics: Road freight transport”

Supporting the development of road freight transport statistics aligned with EU standards across all Partner countries

Road transport is by far the major mode of transport for both people and freight. The development of road freight transport in particular has wide-ranging implications on economic and regional development as well as on CO2 emissions and other environmental dimensions. In this context, road freight transport statistics are key to understanding the mobility dynamics at play and to defining the most appropriate policies to deal with these repercussions.

So far, the level of road freight transport statistics is very diverse among partner countries. Some of them do not disseminate any road freight transport statistics. None of them are producing road freight transport statistics aligned with EU standards even though, in some cases, some of the partner countries had some experience with EU standards in this area in the recent past. Hence, it appeared to be of particular importance to hold a discussion on the way to develop road freight transport statistics in the partner countries, to present the European Road Freight Transport Survey and to assess whether and how this European methodology could be of interest in this circumstance.

In this inception phase, it was agreed to implement the STEP C2.8 project on “Transport Statistics: Road Freight Transport” with the objective of promoting the development of transport statistics in compliance with EU and international standards.

This online training course aimed at ensuring knowledge and adoption of the major features of the EU regulation on road freight transport statistics and of the EU recommendations manual “Road Freight Transport Methodology – 2016 edition” within the partner countries’ national statistical institutes. It also allowed the partner countries to take stock of the situation and of the difficulties faced in all partner countries, including issues related to the content, quality and accessibility of the road vehicles’ register, which is a key tool in the development of such statistics.

Finally, this training allowed the participants to elaborate on national roadmaps for the development of road freight transport statistics aligned with EU standards. It relied on the transfer of specific knowledge and know-how by a highly specialised expert, Mr. Peter Ottosen from Statistics Denmark, and on presentations by representatives of the partner countries on their current situation regarding the production of road freight transport statistics, the challenges they face and their objectives in this area.

The lively discussions proved that the training was appreciated and useful to all participants. Most importantly, it afforded the opportunity to identify the next steps towards the development of road freight transport statistics within the partner countries, including the possible content of the technical assistance missions planned in the frame of this STEP project. These achievements will constitute essential elements for the development of the cooperation on road freight transport statistics over the lifetime of the STEP Programme and for the achievement of the expected results within the framework of this specific project.

PROJECT C2.5_09 TRAINING COURSE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SITS AND FATS

Activity typeOnsite training
TitleTraining course on the development of SITS and FATS
ParticipantsHead of the trade statistics department accompanied by a senior staff member of the trade statistics unit or the statistics unit at the central bank
LocationTbilisi, Georgia
Timing10-13 February 2020
Activity codeC2.5_09

Statistics on international trade allow the measurement the integration of partner countries into the global economy, their competitiveness and their ability to take advantage of market opportunities granted by international trade agreements in general, and by trade agreements with the EU in particular. The inception phase of the STEP programme showed that partner countries’ statistics on international trade in services and foreign affiliates’ statistics witness important shortcomings and limitations that do not allow a comprehensive, detailed and accurate measurement of international services transactions, whereas these transactions represent a very dynamic component of international trade in general.

In this context, it was agreed to implement the STEP C2.5 project on “International trade statistics: SITS and FATS” with the objective to align the statistics of international trade in services, including inward FATS, of the partner countries with the recommendations of Manual on Statistics of International Trade in Services 2010 (MSITS 2010).

This training course was the first activity to be implemented in the context of this project and was crucial as it had to lay the ground for the implementation of the activities that will follow. In this context, the general objective of this training course was to ensure knowledge and appropriation of the major features of the MSITS 2010 within the partner countries’ national statistical institutes and central banks; to take stock of the situation and difficulties faced in the partner countries with regard to the production and availability of SITS and FATS; and to elaborate national roadmaps for the development of SITS and inward FATS aligned with international and EU standards.

The training course gathered participants from not only the national statistical institutes but also the central banks of most partner countries. It proved to be very useful in the identification and discussion of detailed issues and problems faced by the partner countries in the production of their SITS and FATS, of possible solutions and of priorities in the development of SITS and FATS aligned with EU and international standards.